Genetic Panel: For each test, you have the possibility of receiving the following results: normal, carrier, or at-risk (affected). Normal means that your dog has two copies of the "wildtype" or normal DNA sequence for the gene being tested. Carrier means that your dog carries one copy of the "wildtype" sequence (normal) and one copy of the mutation. For most diseases, your dog will not be affected with the disease, but simply a carrier. Carriers can pass this mutated copy of the gene to half of their offspring and depending on the genetics of their mate, may produce at-risk or affected puppies. If you breed a dog that is a carrier, you simply do not give out breeding rights on the offspring as you can't ensure the breeder won't breed with a carrier or an affected dog. Most of my customers are looking for a pet and are not concerned if the dog is just a carrier, because they are not at risk and they are not planning on breeding. An at-risk result means that your dog has two copies of the mutation and is at-risk for developing the disease. In this case, these dogs carry two copies of the mutation so that all offspring will inherit at least one copy of the mutation and depending on its mate, is at high-risk of producing affected puppies. IF an at-risk dog is bred to an ALL-CLEAR mate, pups will be carriers and not affected. IF you see that one of my dames or studs is at-risk, I will only breed them to all-clear mates. The end result will produce carriers, with no risk to develop the disease.